By Malyn Newitt

A historical past of Portuguese in another country growth 1400-1668 provides an obtainable survey of the way the Portuguese turned so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in parts as remote as Asia, Africa and South America.

Malyn Newitt examines how the information and associations of a overdue medieval society have been deployed to help growth into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via competition with Castile, this grew right into a around the globe enterprise. ultimately, he considers how resilient the Portuguese out of the country groups have been, surviving wars and average mess ups, and heading off assaults via the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders till good into the 1600s.

Including a close bibliography and word list, A heritage of Portuguese in another country growth 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this attention-grabbing interval of eu expansion

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Extra info for A history of Portuguese overseas expansion, 1400-1668

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38 In addition to the vassallos del rey and their ‘lances’ were the soldiers supplied by the chartered towns (concelhos). The most significant of these were the crossbowmen (besteiros), a semi-professional corps which had been established during the fourteenth century. These men were specially selected from the artisan class and were granted considerable fiscal privileges to maintain themselves ready, trained and equipped for war. They were spread throughout the kingdom and formed the core of any force that had to be raised for internal police duties or for the defence of the kingdom which, in the fifteenth century, came to include the defence of the African fortresses.

Jörg von Ehingen has described one such expedition, undertaken probably in 1457, for the relief of Ceuta. His account deliberately conjures up images of chivalrous warfare in which knights set out for any theatre of war where adventure and honour might be found. The army had been assembled in Lisbon and, as a visiting knight, he had been invited to join the expedition. He was fitted out by the king, and on arrival at Ceuta was given the command of a sector of the town manned with troops, presumably mercenaries, from the Low Countries.

Ceuta was chosen as a target because of its strategic importance, for it controlled the African side of the Straits of Gibraltar and had been the point from which previous Muslim invasions of the peninsula had been mounted. 56 Ceuta was also an important commercial city in its own right, and was surrounded by rich agricultural land where horse breeding and the production of wheat and textiles flourished. The Portuguese also hoped they would gain direct access to the Sahara caravan trade. Ceuta, it was argued, could become a bridgehead from which the reconquista could once again be resumed with lands, lordships and tribute-paying populations awaiting the victors.

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