By C. F. Larry Heimann
Advanced and dicy technologies--technologies similar to new medicines for the remedy of AIDS that promise nice advantages to our society yet hold major risks--pose many difficulties for political leaders and the coverage makers answerable for overseeing them. Public companies corresponding to the nutrients and Drug management are instructed through political superiors to not inhibit very important technological advances and will also be charged with selling such improvement yet should also ensure that no significant injuries take place below their watch. Given the massive charges linked to catastrophic injuries, most of the people and elected officers frequently call for trustworthy or failure-free administration of those applied sciences and feature little tolerance for the mistake. study during this region has bring about a schism among those that argue that it's attainable to have trustworthy administration concepts and thoroughly deal with complicated applied sciences and others who contend that such keep an eye on is tough at top. during this publication C. F. Larry Heimann advances an incredible way to this challenge through constructing a common thought of organizational reliability and service provider selection making. The ebook appears at either exterior and inner affects on reliability in corporation determination making. It then assessments theoretical propositions built in a comparative case research of 2 companies concerned with the dealing with of dicy applied sciences: NASA and the manned house flight application and the FDA's dealing with of pharmaceuticals--particularly new AIDS treatments. Drawing on techniques from engineering, organizational thought, political technological know-how, and selection concept, this booklet could be of curiosity to these drawn to technological know-how and expertise coverage, bureaucratic administration and reform, in addition to these drawn to well-being and house coverage. C. F. Larry Heimann is Assistant Professor of Political technology, Michigan kingdom collage.
Read or Download Acceptable Risks: Politics, Policy, and Risky Technologies PDF
Best public affairs & administration books
This groundbreaking e-book presents key new insights and opens up an immense learn time table. The ebook develops a brand new taxonomy of the different sorts of innovation present in public area providers, and investigates the main positive aspects and drivers of public region entrepreneurship. The ebook includes new statistical experiences and a collection of six foreign case stories in healthiness and social prone.
The suggestions in American executive Awards application started in 1985 with a provide from the Ford beginning to the Kennedy institution of presidency at Harvard to behavior a application of awards for techniques in kingdom and native executive. the basis s aim was once bold and, in an period of "government is the matter" rhetoric, determinedly proactive.
Regardless of 3 decade of energetic efforts at deregulation throughout all degrees of presidency, legislation is still ubiquitous. it really is disliked since it is inevitably coercive: it forces contributors and companies to do issues - often high priced and unsightly issues - that they do not are looking to. yet few could argue that glossy govt can do with out a few recourse to the stick, regardless of the preferred attraction of the carrot.
Governance of Public quarter corporations analyzes recent adjustments in executive management through targeting organizational types and their results. individuals to this edited quantity exhibit how generations of reform lead to elevated complexity of presidency businesses, and clarify this layering technique with a number of theories.
- The Federal Appointments Process: A Constitutional and Historical Analysis
- Crisis Management and Decision Making: Simulation Oriented Scenarios
- Die Drogenlüge: Warum Drogenverbote den Terrorismus fördern und Ihrer Gesundheit schaden
- Political Handbook Of Africa 2007
- The Starr Report Disrobed
- Crossing the Rubicon - Decline of the American Empire at the end of the Age of Oil
Additional resources for Acceptable Risks: Politics, Policy, and Risky Technologies
The economic costs associated with different types of failure, however, are rarely equal. To understand how these cost factors lead to adjustments in the agency's effort levels, we consider the following property: 3. This treatment may be either because the economic costs really are equal or because the agency is unable to determine the true costs. If the agency cannot determine the costs of potential errors, then it would be rational for the agency to assume that the costs are equal. 28 Acceptable Risks PROPERTY 2.
On the other hand, those who are concerned about the responsiveness of bureaucracy should applaud the fact that agencies can be sensitive to changes in their political environment. Political leaders and active interest groups clearly have the ability to alter the decisions of an agency in determining how to allocate effort and resources. The objective of this exercise was to better understand the incentives that motivate agency choices to pursue greater type I or type II reliability. But up to this point, we have assumed that agencies make a one-time decision regarding the allocation of resources.
In the next chapter, we will see that these factors existed at both NASA and the FDA. In later chapters, I will show how these incentives affected organizational behavior and the policies that came out of these two agencies. CHAPTER 3 Shifting Political Incentives at NASA and the FDA Unfortunately, it is difficult to eliminate type I and type II errors at the same time. Allocating resources or employing personnel in such a way as to reduce the incidence of one type of failure often serves to increase the probability that the other form of failure will occur.
- Download Wastewater Stabilization Ponds by Frank R. Spellman PDF
- Download To Hanoi and Back: The United States Air Force and North by Wayne Thompson PDF