By Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development

Show description

Read or Download Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles And Radioactive Waste Management: Nuclear Development PDF

Best waste management books

Chemistry for the Protection of the Environment 4 (Environmental Science Research)

Those court cases offer a discussion board for chemical scientists and engineers devoted to creating a cleanser, fitter international for everybody. They disguise a variety of similar matters akin to environmental tracking, wastewater therapy, and sludge administration.

Spellman's Standard Handbook for Wastewater Operators: Fundamental level

Maintaining an analogous profitable and confirmed structure utilized in the bestselling first variation, Spellman’s commonplace guide for Wastewater Operators: quantity I, basic point, moment version includes the required details to effectively learn for and go at the moment administered certification examinations.

Waste Management: A Reference Handbook

An authoritative evaluation of concerns in waste administration either within the usa and globally that measures the scope of the matter and examines the most recent medical and coverage tasks for addressing it. • A separate bankruptcy of basic resource records correct to the problem of waste administration, together with presidential speeches, data, and foreign agreements• A chronology starting from 1757 and the 1st municipal trash cleansing provider to the ban at the construction, sale, and use of plastic baggage in China in 2008

Extra info for Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles And Radioactive Waste Management: Nuclear Development

Example text

The amount of these products is small when the fuel burn-up is low, particularly the amount of curium, but the yields become significant as the burn-up increases, for fuel irradiated in fast reactors or when Pu is used in PWR-MOX fuel. These elements are of particular concern for long-term waste management because their half-lives are very long. Other chemical compounds that exist or are added to the HLW prior to the conditioning process, such as vitrification, are for example soluble poisons (gadolinium), additives (sugar), alkaline solutions for neutralisation of acidity and metal fines from dissolution process.

Being dominated by the fission products, the volume of the high-level waste will, however, not be noticeably affected by this reduction. x Due to the higher efficiency of fast reactors, a change from an all-LWR to an all-FR reactor strategy reduces the fission product mass, and hence the high-level waste volume, by about 30%. x Only transmutation strategies with fully-closed fuel cycles can meet the hundredfold TRU reduction goal of P&T. Partially-closed fuel cycles, which cannot achieve such high TRU reductions but are easier to implement, are also useful for managing plutonium and minor actinides.

Standard 200 litres steel drums). A less common technology involves mixing of evaporate with bitumen in extruder mixers. Volume reduction factors depend on the salinity of the waste and are typically expressed as content of salts in the final product (usually 4050%). The leaching properties of this waste form are generally better then those of cemented waste. g. nitrates) in the waste. , from reinforced concrete, where several drums with bituminised waste are placed in the repository and free space is filled with cement grout or another filling [9].

Download PDF sample

Download Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles And Radioactive Waste by Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development PDF
Rated 4.23 of 5 – based on 13 votes